Țebea’s Pantheon is a graveyard of former heroes, located near the E79 European Road. The complex comprises several objectives related to the heroes’ fights for freedom and social equity. The graves of Avram Iancu, Ioan Buteanu, Simeon Groza, revoluționari of 1848, Horea’s and Iancu’s sessile along with commemorative crosses of heroes that fought in the Romanian War of Independence and the two World Wars.
The sessile of Horea, Iancu and Ferdinand
Avram Iancu’s grave is considered to be the complex’s heart. Near it, the remains of Horea’s sessile under which he called the 1784 uprising. The current church was built in the 19th century, on the place where the old wooden church used to be.
Avram Iancu was buried on the 13th of September 1874. In 1924, 100 after the founding of ASTRA, Țebea was visited by the king Ferdinand I and the queen Maria. The visit happened on the last day of august, after which the placed was named “Cimitirul Eroilor Neamului”. King Ferdinand also planted a sessile that still carries his name today.
The only “tricolour church”
The church was declared holy on the 20th of September in 1896, also known as the “tricolour church”. It is the only church that showcases the national symbol painted on the ceiling. The copper bell, made in 1845, announced the death of Avram Iancu.
Avram Iancu’s grave was an ordinary one at the beginning but later redesigned. Its cross has an interesting story as well. It was donated by father Ioan Tisu, who prepared the cross for his passing.
Romania’s martyr cemetery
Whoever stops here can also see the grave of Ioan Buteanu, prefect of the Zarand and tribune of the Auraria Gemina legion. Considered a martyr in today’s time after being killed at Abrud and hung by Hungarians. The front of his cross says “I lay quiet. My death was avenged already with the Hungarian’s two defeats at Abrud.”
The 1877 cross is a symbol of unification between the Romanians and the zarandeans which they support in Romania’s War of Independence materially, financially and by sending volunteers.
18 graves of unknown heroes from the First World War and 72 graves of fighters whose identities are known. Joined together, they form the number 1872, the year of Avram Iancu’s death.
Horea’s sessile is said to be 400 years old! To stop it from falling down, it was reconditioned in 1924. A lateral branch grew from the old tree but it was destroyed in a storm during 2005. It is considered to be a historical monument, however, only the tree’s trunk remains as of today. A 2 metres cross was made from its last branch.
Celebrations in the national heroes memory
Over the years, other important figures have come to plant a sessile in the national cemetery. Nicolae Ceaușescu was one of them. His sessile, however, did not grow.